New paper published in Advanced Materials Interfaces on mechanisms in high-performance tin oxide / MXene batteries. As the demand for power and energy storage continues to grow, we researchers are constantly exploring new ways to improve battery performance. One promising approach involves using conversion/alloying materials, such as tin oxide, to design high-performance lithium-ion batteries. While these materials show excellent performance and ease of preparation, they often suffer from mechanical instabilities during cycling that limits their usefulness. This issue can be addressed (and overcome) by combining tin oxide with MXene.
In this study, we prepared a 50/50 (by mass) tin oxide / Ti-MXene (SnO2/Ti3C2Tz) nanocomposite and optimized it as a negative electrode for lithium-ion batteries. The result? A nanocomposite that delivers over 500 mAh/g for 700 cycles at 0.1 A/g and demonstrates excellent rate capability, with 340 mAh/g at 8 A/g.
The success of this nanocomposite lies in the synergistic behavior of its two components, which we confirmed through ex situ chemical, structural, and morphological analyses. Not only does this knowledge allow us to formulate a reaction mechanism with lithium-ions that provides partial reversibility of the conversion reaction, but it also opens up new possibilities for designing high-performance lithium-ion batteries.
Thanks to our great team of collaborators:
Team Ricerca sul Sistema Energetico – RSE SpA & Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca:
Team INM-Leibniz Institute for New Materials:
Team Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)